John Constable (Ipswich)
John Constable was born in 1776 and lived in the village of East Bergholt. He was influenced by the works of Gainsborough and his early studies as an amateur included copying some of these and also works by the Dutch masters. Through his association with Sir George Beaumont, an amateur artist and collector, he was introduced to works by Claude Lorraine, the French classical landscape painter, which he greatly admired and which strongly influenced his work.
Although Constable lived in London for many years, he preferred to paint the scenes around his home at East Bergholt and the surrounding area. Two of the paintings in the Ipswich collections were probably painted by Constable from an upstairs window or roof of his family home in around 1815. These are ‘Golding Constable’s Flower Garden’ and ‘Golding Constable’s Kitchen Garden’, which is shown below.
He painted landscapes that included people going about their daily activities and that showed the relationship between them, the fields and the villages that they lived in. He was particularly keen on painting the house known as ‘Willy Lott’s Cottage’ with the river Stour running past, which is the scene of perhaps his most famous painting ‘The Haywain’.
The Service has the largest collection of Constable oil paintings outside London. There are also 11 drawings and various editions of “English Landscape” mezzotints from1830 – 1833 that were engraved by David Lucas under Constable’s supervision. Constable died in 1837.